Microglia play a critical role in reorganizing neural connections, fighting infections, and repairing damage to neurons while we sleep.
Criticality in the brain was linked to inhibitory neurons imposing and organizing the computational dynamics.
A newly identified neural network in the hippocampal formation plays a critical role in memory and object-location learning. The findings are highly relevant to learning and memory disorders, including Alzheimer's disease.
Based on the study of a stroke patient with damage to the occipito-temporal brain region, researchers made a big discovery about color categorization. They reveal color categorization and naming can be independent in the human brain. The finding challenges long-standing theories of the mandatory involvement of language in adult human cognition and color discrimination.
Study reveals at least six types of mammals distinguish odors in similar ways, using neural networks that are evolutionarily preserved across species.
Using optogenetics, researchers stimulated neurons in the visual cortex of mice to induce illusory images in the animals' minds.
Using holographic optogenetics, researchers were able to control visual behavior in mice by activating neurons in the visual cortex.
Visual neurons selectively respond to color and shape along a continuum. While some neurons are only activated by either a specific color or shape, others are responsive to color and shape simultaneously. The findings contradict previous beliefs about how visual processing works.
When the soma of specific neurons is active, the dendrites of the same neuron are also active, even when animals are not engaged in a cognitively demanding task.