A new review of almost 200 publications suggests the gut microbiota may play a critical role in modulating brain function, social behavior and other symptoms of autism.
Recent studies have linked air pollution to increased risks for Alzheimer's disease and other health problems. A new study reports a reduction of atmospheric fine particulates and better air quality can reduce the risk of Alzheimer's and other dementias.
Study points to the evolutionary and developmental similarities between sensory cells in the inner ear and skin.
Expectant fathers with higher levels of brain activation and oxytocin later endorsed a more "child-led" empathetic style of parenting once their child was born.
Combining brain scan images with machine learning, researchers identified a number of brain changes following TBI that share similarities with Alzheimer's disease. The findings add to the growing body of evidence that the two conditions follow the same trajectories.
Consuming high levels of sugar-sweetened beverages early in life may lead to memory problems during adulthood. Researchers found, compared to rats who consumed only water, those who drank sugar-sweetened beverages had difficulties in memory recall associated with the hippocampus. The study also found a link between specific changes in gut bacteria in rats who drank sugary drinks and impaired brain function.
Studying human-machine interactions, researchers found that during the pandemic, people are not only more altruistic to other humans, their behaviors also extend to machines. This may be explained by the growing popularity of digital assistants, such as Alexa.
It's not only our genetics and environment that play a role in aging and longevity, it's also the random, tiny changes that arise on the cellular level.
A new mathematical algorithm examines data from EEG and brain implants to learn each epilepsy patient's unique brain pattern signatures. The system can predict the onset of a seizure within an hour, allowing the patient to take necessary interventions.
Researchers say including social and behavioral factors in addition to biological mechanisms is critical for improving research on aging.