Diet influences dopamine and insulin signaling in the brain, which in turn directly affects the peripheral sensory response in fruit flies. This response influences what the fly decides to eat next.
Female mice exposed to PBDEs, a type of flame-retardant found on everyday household items, pass on the chemicals to their developing offspring. In female offspring, this can cause alterations in social memories and behaviors which are reminiscent of human compulsive behaviors associated with autism.
Young mice exposed to a healthy diet and frequent exercise show lower levels of anxiety and increased brain mass as adults.
Astrocytes in the striatum appear to play a critical role in stuttering. Researchers found treatment with risperidone helped reduce stuttering by increasing the metabolism of striatal astrocytes.
IndCl, a drug that improves myelination and reduces motor disability, appears to improve visual problems associated with multiple sclerosis.
Study identifies a pathway involving astrocytes that help explain why some with multiple sclerosis experience seizures.
The meaning of "happiness" varies greatly, depending on where in the world a person lives.
Study finds olfaction plays a significant role in the motivation to exercise. Mice who were "high runners" developed genetic differences in their olfactory systems that caused them to perceive smells differently than more sedentary mice.