Researchers discovered how the TGF-beta protein controls the process by which hair follicles, including stem cells, divide and form new cells or orchestrate apoptosis. The findings could provide new treatment options for baldness and therapies to speed up wound healing.
People who are competent at "near transfer", or skilled ability at similar games, are more likely to also have far transfer skills, meaning a greater ability to focus on daily living activities.
Diet influences dopamine and insulin signaling in the brain, which in turn directly affects the peripheral sensory response in fruit flies. This response influences what the fly decides to eat next.
Female mice exposed to PBDEs, a type of flame-retardant found on everyday household items, pass on the chemicals to their developing offspring. In female offspring, this can cause alterations in social memories and behaviors which are reminiscent of human compulsive behaviors associated with autism.
Young mice exposed to a healthy diet and frequent exercise show lower levels of anxiety and increased brain mass as adults.
Astrocytes in the striatum appear to play a critical role in stuttering. Researchers found treatment with risperidone helped reduce stuttering by increasing the metabolism of striatal astrocytes.
IndCl, a drug that improves myelination and reduces motor disability, appears to improve visual problems associated with multiple sclerosis.
Study identifies a pathway involving astrocytes that help explain why some with multiple sclerosis experience seizures.