One-quarter of teens and young adults engaged in episodes of self-harm on more than one occasion. Repeated self-harm episodes are more likely to occur during the first year of the first episode, with the greatest risk within the first month.
Women and men who have suffered abuse at the hands of an intimate partner are twice as likely to self-harm, twice as likely to have suicidal ideations, and three times as likely to attempt suicide as those who have not experienced abusive relationships.
On average, women who self-harm have a higher tolerance to pain than those who do not self-injure. Brain scans revealed greater connectivity between brain areas involved in pain perception and pain modulation in those who self-harm.
A new meta-analysis study finds people engage in self-harm and think about suicide as a means of reducing some types of stress. The perceived stress release from embarking on destructive behaviors indicates a potential for therapy and other types of intervention.
The risk of self-harm presenting to emergency rooms is three times higher for boys with ASD compared to those not on the autism spectrum. Additionally, researchers found a four-fold increase in self-harm behaviors for both males and females with ADHD. Children with less than 80% school attendance also had a three times higher risk of self-harming behaviors.
An analysis of user posts from the Reddit r/selfharm forum found people who self-harm describe their activities as an "addiction", marked with characteristic cravings and an escalation in severity or tolerance.