Fractional anisotropy values are reduced in the corpus callosum and middle orbital gyrus in obese teens. Researchers also discovered a positive correlation between these brain changes and neuroinflammation, insulin levels, and leptin resistance.
Methylphenidate, a drug given to help treat ADHD, affects specific tract in white matter in young boys. The effects are age dependant as the changes were not observed in adults who use the treatment. Researchers say the drug should only be given to children if they are significantly affected by ADHD in their daily lives.
Researchers report repeated blows to the head as a result of playing youth football has implications for brain development. The study revealed players had alterations to the nerve fibers in the corpus callosum.
Researchers have identified neurobiological differences in between men and women who are addicted to online gaming.
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A new convolutional neural network uses PET brain scans to detect biological signs of Alzheimer's disease years before the symptoms appear, researchers report.
According to a new study, children and young adults with chronic kidney disease have changes in cerebral blood flow that could increase the risk of cognitive impairment.
Researchers report people who are diabetic or who smoke are more likely to have calcification in the hippocampus. The study hypothesized hippocampal calcification may contribute to cognitive deterioration and brain atrophy.
Researchers report the impairment of the right thalamic and caudate prefrontal pathways appear to be associated with attention deficits in patients following a stroke.
A new study reports obese teens have disrupted connectivity between numerous areas of the brain involved in appetite regulation.
Smartphone and internet addiction appears to have an impact on brain chemistry. A new study reports the ratio of GABA to Glx is significantly increased in the anterior cingulate cortex of teens who are addicted to their smartphones.