Astrocytes in the striatum appear to play a critical role in stuttering. Researchers found treatment with risperidone helped reduce stuttering by increasing the metabolism of striatal astrocytes.
People with Alzheimer's disease who use antipsychotic medications have a 29% higher risk of head injury, and a 22% increased risk of TBI compared to those with the neurodegenerative disease who do not use the medications.
Researchers report a causal link between dopamine, musical pleasure and motivation. Phamacologically manipulating dopamine levels, researchers found increasing dopamine increased the hedonic experience and motivational response to listening to a piece of music.
A machine learning algorithm is able to successfully identify, with 78% accuracy, schizophrenia in patients based on brain scans of the superior temporal cortex. The algorithm is also 82% accurate in predicting whether or not a patient will respond positively to a specific antipsychotic medication.
Researchers propose a variety of therapeutic approaches and medications to help combat adult nightmare disorder.