The stronger the connection between the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex and temporal-parietal junction, the less likely people are to punish others for selfish deeds.
Corporal punishment may detrimentally harm brain development, a new study reports. Previous studies have revealed links between spanking and psychological problems, including depression and anxiety. The new study found children who experienced spanking as a form of punishment demonstrated greater activation in areas of the prefrontal cortex in response to fearful stimuli.
Researchers found specific neurons in the striosome that help mice learn to avoid negative experiences.
Peer pressure can shift an individual's punitive preference across a variety of contexts. Groups induce conformity by forcing less caution and more impulsivity in individuals, and by amplifying the value of punishment.
Children as young as three enact costly punishments. Additionally, findings reveal a sense of authority can foster group regulatory behavior amongst children of various different age groups.
Contrary to popular belief, researchers report most people do not interfere when they witness someone abusing a stranger.
Researchers investigate the teenage brain and answer questions as to why behaviors change so much during these years.