Macaque monkeys infected with mild-to-moderate coronavirus responded well to the antiviral Remdesivir. Researchers report the monkeys showed reduced clinical symptoms and less lung damage when the drug was administered. The findings back up other reports which claim the drug is effective at treating human COVID-19 infections in current clinical trials.
SARS-CoV-2 is detectable in aerosols for up to three hours and up to four hours on copper. On cardboard, the virus is detectable for up to 24 hours, and up to three days on plastic and stainless steel. The study suggests the virus may be acquired through the air in addition to touching surfaces.
HIV can persist in the nervous system, even when the virus is suppressed. Even when the virus is suppressed, neurocognitive problems associated with the infection can persist.
The opioid epidemic is fueling a surge in infectious diseases such as HIV, hepatitis and soft tissue infections, researchers report.
Researchers report infants who are allergic to cow milk have a different composition of gut microbes than those who are not allergic to the milk. Transplanting gut microbes from those with no allergies helped to protect against potentially life threatening reactions. The study suggests gut microbes impact the host's immune system and play a critical role in regulating allergic responses to food.
Researchers have detected a prion protein associated with CJD on the skin of almost two dozen people who died from the disease. The findings raise questions as to whether transmission of the disease via skin transplantation may be possible, and whether a simple skin test could detect the disease.
A new study reveals immunosupressive therapy coupled with stem cell transplantation can induce sustained remission in RRMS patients.