Contractions of the diaphragm muscles during hiccuping evoke a significant response in the brain's cortex, causing two large brainwaves followed by a third. The third brainwave is similar to that evoked by noise.
Children born with high levels of triglycerides and low-density lipoprotein in their cord blood samples were more likely to receive lower ratings from their teachers on both social and emotional development scales.
The autonomic nervous system and cortical systems function similarly in low-risk newborns whether they experienced labor and natural birth or were born via elective cesarean section. However, those who were delivered via C-Section following long periods of labor had increased accelerations in heart rate and lower gamma frequency EEG a day after birth than the other two groups.
Including genomic sequencing with routine newborn testing could reveal the risk a child has of developing numerous conditions later in life. Researchers weigh up the pros and cons of genetic sequencing in newborns.
Researchers used non invasive MRI brain scans to map the brains of newborns. The study reveals the brain architecture that emerges as the brain reshapes during the third trimester of pregnancy. The map can be used to detect atypical connections in the brain that serve as biomarkers for ASD.
Using fNIRS, researchers discovered babies are able to pick out words from speech at as young as three days old.