A new study reveals Neanderthals had the ability to perceive and produce human speech.
New findings raise the question of whether Neanderthals returned to the same spots in the famous Shanidar Cave to inter their dead. If so, it would suggest a cultural complexity of a higher order.
First anatomical reconstruction of the Neanderthal cartilaginous Eustachian tube (CET) indicates the tubal morphology may have predisposed them to high rates of otitis media, a common childhood ear infection. The susceptibility to ear infections may have compromised their fitness and ability to compete within their niche. This may have contributed to their rapid extinction.
A new study reveals schizophrenia is a modern development that emerged after humans diverged from Neanderthals.
A new study reports researchers have discovered evidence of interbreeding between Neanderthals and modern humans around 100,000 years ago, tens of thousands of years earlier than previously thought.