The primary motor and primary somatosensory areas of the brain are involved in controlling immediate motor movements in real-time, while the premotor area appears to control planned, sequential movements as well as reacting to and adjusting the sequence when faced with unexpected changes.
Anosmia, the loss of the sense of smell which is a common symptom of COVID-19, may be a secondary consequence of immune system inflammation rather than a direct action of the virus.
The antidepressant effect of psilocybin-assisted therapy, in combination with psychotherapy, appears to provide up to a year of symptom relief for some patients with major depressive disorder.
People with ALS have 2.5-fold higher levels of arachidonic acid, a lipid commonly found in fatty parts of meat and fish that spurs on inflammatory process, in their spinal motor cells than people without the disease. Treatment with caffeic acid, an anti-inflammatory compound naturally found in coffee, tea, and tomatoes, reduced some of the symptoms associated with ALS, and extended lifespan in animal models.
Combining Disulfiram, a medication commonly used to treat chronic alcoholism, with copper ions kills medulloblastoma cancer cells and prevents new ones from growing.
Increased accumulation of amyloid beta and a reduction of serotonin in the brains of older adults was associated with higher risks for developing depression later in life.
Farnesol, a naturally occurring compound found in berries and other fruits, prevents the loss of dopamine-producing neurons and reverses Parkinson's associated damage to the brain in mouse models.
A new case study reveals medical marijuana may provide rapid relief for sufferers of chronic itch. Researchers say THC attaches itself to brain receptors that influence the nervous system. This reduces inflammation and nervous system activity, leading to a reduction in itch sensation.
Mouse study reveals sound appears to alter connectivity in auditory processing areas earlier in development than previously thought; even before the ear canal opens.
A new vestibular implant can significantly reduce dizziness, restore balance, and improve the quality of life for people with bilateral vestibular hypofunction (BVH).