Study reveals the mechanism by which genes coding for a subset of long non-coding RNA interacts with neighboring genes to regulate the development and function of cortical neurons.
Thrombospondin-2, a protein with cell adhesion properties usually secreted by astrocytes, prompted a strong increase in synapses in male-derived neurons but showed no effect in females.
Study looks at the evolutionary development of the human brain.
Neurons in the motor cortex of rats fall into two categories, those that are externally focused and relay information to other parts of the body, and those that are internally focused. When inhibition is increased, the externally focused neurons switch to internally focused cells.
A new study reveals our longevity and sexual maturity are governed by our brains, not our bodies. Researchers discovered that animals with more neurons in the cerebral cortex live longer, regardless of their body size.
Human dendrites have different electrical properties from those of other species, a new study reveals. Researchers report electrical signals weaken more as they flow along human dendrites, allowing small sections of dendrites to behave independently from the rest of the neuron.
Dogs possess significantly more cortical neurons than cats, a new study reports.
A new study sheds light on the mechanisms of gyrus formation.