Cognitive flexibility, an ability to switch between different concepts, or adapt behavior to achieve goals in a novel or changing environment, is a key player in both learning and creativity.
A group of neurons located in the basal ganglia appears to play a vital role in cognitive flexibility.
Researchers argue the existing categorical framework for mental illnesses needs to be revised, citing a substantial overlap between disorders, with most patients meeting the criteria for multiple disorders.
Researchers have identified a region of the thalamus that helps us switch between appropriate behavior required for different contexts.
Researchers report a father's exposure to nicotine may have lasting effects on the cognitive development of his offspring. The study reports nicotine exposure may cause epigenetic alterations in key genes within the father's sperm, affecting not only his direct children but also grandchildren.
Researchers report rats exposed to phthalates, both while in the womb and through lactation, had fewer neurons and synapses than peers who were not exposed to the plasticizing chemicals. Additionally, the phthalate exposed rats showed deficits in cognitive flexibility.
Researchers explore how early extreme childhood stress can have a negative impact on social learning and mental health later in life.