Researchers argue the existing categorical framework for mental illnesses needs to be revised, citing a substantial overlap between disorders, with most patients meeting the criteria for multiple disorders.
A new study reports high fat and high sugar diets alter gut bacteria and cause changes in cognitive flexibility, or the power to adapt to changes in situations.
Older dogs are slower to learn and exhibit lower cognitive flexibility than younger dogs, but are better at logical reasoning, a new study reports.
Cognitive flexibility, an ability to switch between different concepts, or adapt behavior to achieve goals in a novel or changing environment, is a key player in both learning and creativity.
Researchers report a father's exposure to nicotine may have lasting effects on the cognitive development of his offspring. The study reports nicotine exposure may cause epigenetic alterations in key genes within the father's sperm, affecting not only his direct children but also grandchildren.
Researchers report rats exposed to phthalates, both while in the womb and through lactation, had fewer neurons and synapses than peers who were not exposed to the plasticizing chemicals. Additionally, the phthalate exposed rats showed deficits in cognitive flexibility.