N-acetylglucosamine, a simple sugar found in breast milk, promotes remyelination in mouse models of multiple sclerosis. The findings could have implications for treating multiple sclerosis in humans.
The oligosaccharide 2'FL from a mother's breast milk enhances cognitive development in her child. The amount of 2'FL in breast milk at one month was related to significantly higher cognitive development scores at the age of two.
Glycerol monolaurate (GML), a compound found in human breast milk, fights against the effects of harmful bacteria while allowing beneficial bacteria to thrive. GML also inhibits inflammation in epithelial cells, helping to prevent both bacterial and viral infections of the gut. GML is 200 times higher in human breast milk than cow milk. Researchers propose adding GML to infant formula and cow milk given to small children.
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Ranibizumab and aflibercept, two drugs used to treat retinal diseases, are excreted in the breast milk of nursing mothers who take the medications. The drugs contain an agent called anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (anti-VEGF), which blocks the development of a protein which stimulates the development of blood vessels. The protein, VEGF, is present in breast milk and plays a role in the development of the digestive system in infants.
Breast milk may help train the circadian clock in young babies. The hormonal composition of breast milk changes throughout the day, with cortisol levels being higher in the morning and melatonin levels being higher at night.
Preterm babies who were fed breastmilk had significantly higher levels of creatine and choline, key metabolites for brain growth and development, than those who were formula fed.
Maternal obesity is associated with differences in breast milk composition from that of mothers with a lower BMI. The variations of the metabolites may contribute to a higher risk of childhood obesity in children whose mothers are overweight. The findings point to a potential breast milk dependent mechanism for the mother-child transmission of obesity.
A new study reports babies born prematurely show better brain development when fed breast milk rather than formula.
A new study reveals marijuana may be present in breast milk six days after exposure. Researchers report 63% of samples taken from mothers who used cannabis contained traces of THC up to six days after using the drug.
It is well known that breastfeeding is beneficial for mother child bonding and infant health. New research investigates why breastfeeding is so beneficial and points to previously unknown health benefits for mother and child.
A new study using piglets shows prebiotics used in baby formula can enhance memory and learning, as well as altering brain chemistry.