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Credit: Neuroscience News

Top 5 Breakthroughs From Neuroscience News This Week: June 18, 2023

Summary: Dive into this week’s hottest neuroscience discoveries from Neuroscience News.

Uncover how our survival influences visual perception, delve into the role of interoception in self-awareness, and see how an antihistamine offers hope for myelin repair in Multiple Sclerosis. Explore AI’s role in transforming silent speech into text, and learn how psychedelics are unlocking new learning windows in the brain.

Source: Neuroscience News

Welcome to Neuroscience News’ top five most captivating articles of the week!

These are the stories that have captured the imaginations of our readers over the past seven days.

#5: The Adaptive Eye: Survival Dictates Our Visual Perception

Our view of the world is not always accurate, but it’s often the most beneficial for our survival.

Credit: Neuroscience News

Experiments involving the alteration of context and rewards in visual tasks show our visual perception—right down to the retinal level—adapts to maximize personal benefits.

This evidence implies cognitive biases could sway not only our decision-making but our core perception as well, contributing to our understanding of human biases and aiding the fine-tuning of AI perception algorithms.

#4: Interoception: A Gateway to the Neuroscience of Self-Awareness

Interoception, our innate capacity to sense internal bodily states, plays a critical role in our conscious experiences and has become a central point of neuroscience research.

This article presents key insights on interoception and how this ‘sixth sense’ molds our emotions, decisions, and even our self-identity.

We also explore how flawed interoception contributes to various mental health conditions like depression and eating disorders, opening doors to more effective treatment methods and improved well-being.

#3: Antihistamine Sparks Hope for Myelin Repair in Multiple Sclerosis

A recent study identifies an over-the-counter antihistamine, clemastine, as a promising agent for brain repair in Multiple Sclerosis (MS).

Thanks to a new MRI scan technique, scientists could observe and measure the impact of clemastine on brain myelin levels.

This research provides the first-ever evidence of brain repair in a chronic neurological condition via MRI, setting a benchmark for future myelin-rebuilding therapy research.

#2: From Thought to Text: AI Converts Silent Speech into Written Words

A cutting-edge AI system, the semantic decoder, is capable of converting brain activity into continuous text. This revolutionary system may change the game for people who can’t speak due to conditions like stroke.

Using non-invasive fMRI scan data, it transforms thoughts into text without the need for surgical implants. While not perfect, this AI system successfully captures the core of a person’s thoughts around 50% of the time.

#1: Psychedelics Unlock Learning Windows in the Brain

Researchers have found an extraordinary attribute of psychedelic drugs: their potential to reactivate “critical periods” in the brain when it’s most sensitive to environmental learning signals.

Usually associated with skills development such as language learning, psychedelics can reopen these periods for varying lengths of time.

This finding could have therapeutic applications for conditions like stroke and deafness while revealing new molecular mechanisms influenced by psychedelics.

Thanks for reading and don’t forget to stop by every day for your latest, breaking news in neuroscience, cognitive sciences, and artificial intelligence.

About this neuroscience research news

Author: Neuroscience News Communications
Source: Neuroscience News
Contact: Neuroscience News Communications – Neuroscience News
Image: The image is credited to Neuroscience News

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  1. Sagan was not a major mind, but a good popularizer…how can this be too fast? (:-)

  2. The only reason we die is because our bodies wear our, become old, tired, stiff & sore then a major organ fails. When they perfect humanoid robots what could be done is transfer our head, maybe just our brain, to a robot & ditch our worn out old body. There are tests now under way to control computers with a chip in the brain. Thats how we would control our new robot body. Great minds like Steven Hawkings or Carl Sagan or Einstein would be able to live & benefit mankind forever.


  3. I don’t really a comment but I do have a question and maybe someone can help me find a answer no one I have ask so far has been able to help
    I have had what I like to call “Moments” moments when I have been a sleep And fully awake at the same time what happens is I will be in bed talking (he does all the talking I will be Listening) but at some point I Doze off and go to sleep i remember very well The dream that I was having I also remember what my husband was talking about and I also remember wanting for him to stop talking so I could say something but there more I also remember what I was thinking at the time and what I said and my dream and what I was thanking and what my husband was talk about where all very different things and this has happened maybe 7 or 8 times in a year maybe its nothing and also I would like to add if I have left a word out or mixed a word up im sorry I do have more then 2 or 3 Learning disability I can proof ready it but I don’t see my mistake and thank you so much for helping me out with this

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