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Neuroscience News is an independent open access science magazine. Since 2001, we have featured neuroscience research news from labs, universities, hospitals and news departments around the world. Topics include brain research, AI, psychology, neuroscience, mental health and neurotech.

Science news articles cover neuroscience, neurology, psychology, AI, mental health, robotics, neurotechnology and cognitive sciences.

People struggle to distinguish between human and AI-generated voices, identifying them correctly only about half the time. Despite this, brain scans revealed different neural responses to human and AI voices, with human voices triggering areas related to memory and empathy, while AI voices activated regions for error detection and attention regulation. These findings highlight both the challenges and potential of advanced AI voice technology. Further research will explore how personality traits affect the ability to discern voice origins.
A new study reveals that mindfulness helps improve sleep quality and reduce stress by focusing on the present and minimizing negative thoughts. The study tracked 144 nurses over two weeks, highlighting how mindfulness influences emotion regulation and overall well-being. These findings offer valuable insights for employers aiming to reduce work-related stress. Future research will further explore effective stress-reduction strategies across various occupations.
Researchers reveal how targeting transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) could enhance treatment for depression. The study identified an electrophysiological marker that could predict TMS efficacy and guide personalized therapy. By optimizing the stimulation site and coil angle, treatment outcomes may improve. These findings offer hope for better, tailored TMS therapies in the future.

Neurology news articles cover neurology, brain cancer, traumatic brain injuries, neurosurgery, neuroanatomy, brain research and neurological disorders.

A groundbreaking implantable device has significantly reduced the frequency and severity of seizures in children with severe epilepsy, according to a new UK clinical trial. The rechargeable device, attached to the skull, delivers constant electrical stimulation to the brain, allowing patients like Oran to experience dramatic improvements in quality of life. This trial, known as the CADET pilot, is the first to measure this treatment for pediatric epilepsy and shows promise for broader applications. Further research will expand to more patients, aiming for a new standard in epilepsy treatment.
Researchers identified four subtypes of ALS, which could lead to more effective, personalized treatments. The study also highlights significant molecular differences between men and women with ALS. A promising drug target, the MAPK signaling pathway, was identified, which could lead to new therapies. These findings bring us closer to understanding and treating this fatal neurodegenerative disease.
GLP-1 agonists like Ozempic reduce the risk of dementia in type 2 diabetes patients. The research followed over 88,000 individuals for up to ten years, showing a 30% lower risk compared to sulfonylureas and a 23% lower risk compared to DPP-4 inhibitors. These findings can guide doctors in selecting medications for older diabetes patients. However, further randomized trials are needed to confirm these results.

AI news articles cover science articles about artificial intelligence including ChatGPT, Bard, Dalle, neural networks, machine learning, LLMs, AGI and other AI related topics.

Today's AI can read, talk, and analyze data but still has critical limitations. NeuroAI researchers designed a new AI model inspired by the human brain's efficiency. This model allows AI neurons to receive feedback and adjust in real time, enhancing learning and memory processes. The innovation could lead to a new generation of more efficient and accessible AI, bringing AI and neuroscience closer together.
Researchers developed an AI model that can identify emotional states of tennis players with high accuracy by analyzing their body language during matches. The AI, trained on real-life footage, can detect positive and negative emotions, although it's more adept at recognizing negative ones. This technology has potential applications in sports training, healthcare, and other fields, but raises ethical concerns about privacy and data misuse.
Researchers have developed natural language embedded programs (NLEPs), enabling AI models to solve complex tasks by generating and executing Python programs. This method boosts accuracy in reasoning tasks and improves transparency by allowing users to inspect and correct code. NLEPs also enhance data privacy by processing information locally.

Science research articles cover psychology, depression, mental health, schizophrenia, mental disorders, happiness, stress, PTSD, autism, psychiatry and therapy.

A new slow-release ketamine tablet has shown potential in treating severe depression, offering a convenient and safe at-home alternative to existing treatments. In a randomized-controlled trial, patients on the highest dose of ketamine saw significant reductions in depression symptoms compared to placebo. The tablet form avoids the dissociative effects associated with other ketamine treatments. Further research is needed to confirm these findings and achieve clinical approval.
A new study reveals that resilient individuals show improved brain function and healthier gut microbiomes. The research highlights that resilient people have better emotional regulation and lower inflammation. This study is the first to explore the connection between resilience, brain activity, and gut health. The findings suggest potential new treatments targeting both the brain and the gut to reduce stress and prevent disease.
Habitual entrepreneurs exhibit greater cognitive flexibility and increased gray matter volume in the left insula, compared to managers. This brain region is associated with divergent thinking, crucial for entrepreneurial success. The research suggests that understanding the neural basis of cognitive flexibility can improve entrepreneurial training and education. These findings highlight the importance of integrating neuroscience with entrepreneurship to foster innovation and adaptability.

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Fruit flies use the neurotransmitter octopamine to decide whether food memories are stored long-term or short-term. This process, influenced by energy reserves, affects future eating behavior. High glycogen levels result in stable food memories, prompting increased food intake even after fasting. The research suggests that similar mechanisms may influence overeating in humans.
Researchers discovered a way to increase vitamin B6 levels in cells by inhibiting its degradation, potentially improving memory and learning. Their study found that a natural substance, 7,8-Dihydroxyflavone, inhibits the enzyme pyridoxal phosphatase, enhancing vitamin B6 in nerve cells. This breakthrough could lead to new treatments for mental disorders and neurodegenerative diseases.
Researchers discovered that certain neurons not only replay past experiences but also anticipate future events during sleep. By studying rats' hippocampal activity, they found that neurons stabilize spatial representations and prepare for future tasks.