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Neuroscience News is an independent open access science magazine. Since 2001, we have featured neuroscience research news from labs, universities, hospitals and news departments around the world. Topics include brain research, AI, psychology, neuroscience, mental health and neurotech.

Science news articles cover neuroscience, neurology, psychology, AI, mental health, robotics, neurotechnology and cognitive sciences.

Researchers identified four subtypes of ALS, which could lead to more effective, personalized treatments. The study also highlights significant molecular differences between men and women with ALS. A promising drug target, the MAPK signaling pathway, was identified, which could lead to new therapies. These findings bring us closer to understanding and treating this fatal neurodegenerative disease.
Cannabis use increases the risk of severe illness from COVID-19. Analyzing records of 72,501 patients, researchers discovered that cannabis users were significantly more likely to require hospitalization and intensive care. This elevated risk was comparable to that of tobacco smokers. The study challenges the perception of cannabis as a safe substance in the context of COVID-19.
GLP-1 agonists like Ozempic reduce the risk of dementia in type 2 diabetes patients. The research followed over 88,000 individuals for up to ten years, showing a 30% lower risk compared to sulfonylureas and a 23% lower risk compared to DPP-4 inhibitors. These findings can guide doctors in selecting medications for older diabetes patients. However, further randomized trials are needed to confirm these results.

Neurology news articles cover neurology, brain cancer, traumatic brain injuries, neurosurgery, neuroanatomy, brain research and neurological disorders.

Researchers reversed Alzheimer's symptoms in mice using a synthetic peptide, PHDP5, that targets brain function. The study shows that PHDP5 can cross the blood-brain barrier and restore memory by improving synaptic function. The treatment could delay cognitive decline if administered early. This breakthrough paves the way for new Alzheimer's therapies focusing on brain structure and function.
Regular snoring, especially in overweight middle-aged men, is linked to elevated blood pressure and uncontrolled hypertension. The study used home-based monitoring to objectively show the connection between snoring and hypertension. Findings emphasize the need to consider snoring in healthcare, particularly for managing hypertension. This large-scale study highlights the potential consequences of snoring on long-term health.
Women who undergo ovary removal before menopause, especially before age 40, show reduced white matter integrity in their brains later in life. The research analyzed data from the Mayo Clinic Study of Aging, finding significant white matter reduction in women with premenopausal bilateral oophorectomy (PBO) before 40.

AI news articles cover science articles about artificial intelligence including ChatGPT, Bard, Dalle, neural networks, machine learning, LLMs, AGI and other AI related topics.

Today's AI can read, talk, and analyze data but still has critical limitations. NeuroAI researchers designed a new AI model inspired by the human brain's efficiency. This model allows AI neurons to receive feedback and adjust in real time, enhancing learning and memory processes. The innovation could lead to a new generation of more efficient and accessible AI, bringing AI and neuroscience closer together.
Researchers developed an AI model that can identify emotional states of tennis players with high accuracy by analyzing their body language during matches. The AI, trained on real-life footage, can detect positive and negative emotions, although it's more adept at recognizing negative ones. This technology has potential applications in sports training, healthcare, and other fields, but raises ethical concerns about privacy and data misuse.
Researchers have developed natural language embedded programs (NLEPs), enabling AI models to solve complex tasks by generating and executing Python programs. This method boosts accuracy in reasoning tasks and improves transparency by allowing users to inspect and correct code. NLEPs also enhance data privacy by processing information locally.

Science research articles cover psychology, depression, mental health, schizophrenia, mental disorders, happiness, stress, PTSD, autism, psychiatry and therapy.

A new study reveals that resilient individuals show improved brain function and healthier gut microbiomes. The research highlights that resilient people have better emotional regulation and lower inflammation. This study is the first to explore the connection between resilience, brain activity, and gut health. The findings suggest potential new treatments targeting both the brain and the gut to reduce stress and prevent disease.
Habitual entrepreneurs exhibit greater cognitive flexibility and increased gray matter volume in the left insula, compared to managers. This brain region is associated with divergent thinking, crucial for entrepreneurial success. The research suggests that understanding the neural basis of cognitive flexibility can improve entrepreneurial training and education. These findings highlight the importance of integrating neuroscience with entrepreneurship to foster innovation and adaptability.
People can infer hidden social preferences by observing how quickly others make decisions. The study used the Dictator Game to show that decision speed, even without knowing the actual choices, can predict preferences. This finding challenges the notion that only choices reveal social preferences. Incorporating response times into predictive models offers a more nuanced understanding of human behavior.

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Fruit flies use the neurotransmitter octopamine to decide whether food memories are stored long-term or short-term. This process, influenced by energy reserves, affects future eating behavior. High glycogen levels result in stable food memories, prompting increased food intake even after fasting. The research suggests that similar mechanisms may influence overeating in humans.
Researchers discovered a way to increase vitamin B6 levels in cells by inhibiting its degradation, potentially improving memory and learning. Their study found that a natural substance, 7,8-Dihydroxyflavone, inhibits the enzyme pyridoxal phosphatase, enhancing vitamin B6 in nerve cells. This breakthrough could lead to new treatments for mental disorders and neurodegenerative diseases.
Researchers discovered that certain neurons not only replay past experiences but also anticipate future events during sleep. By studying rats' hippocampal activity, they found that neurons stabilize spatial representations and prepare for future tasks.