What Your Brain’s Noise Tells About Your Authentic Self

Summary: The “background noise” in the brain disrupts long-memory signals by neurons. This noise interrupts the consistent rhythm of long-memory alpha wave signals in people experiencing identity confusion.

Source: Hiroshima University

Wrestling with the question of “Who am I?” during an inner dialog but couldn’t seem to reach an answer? Your brain’s background noise may be disrupting the long memory signals communicated by your neurons’ electrical chatter.

Hiroshima University’s Professor Kazumi Sugimura and Associate Professor Takashi Nakao led a team of researchers to listen to the hum of neurons at the frontocentral lobe as people rest and find out what it tells about their subjective sense of identity.

The researchers observed noise interrupting the consistent rhythm of long memory alpha wave (8–12 Hertz) signals in people experiencing identity confusion.

Physiological reality of identity

A signal exhibits long-range temporal correlation (LRTC) or long memory if it remembers past fluctuation patterns. In the brain, LRTC is thought to reflect our capacity to take in fresh information and relate it to what we already know.

At a state of relaxation when our minds are prone to wander between events of the past and activities in the future, LRTC is associated with how we respond to situations based on our internal criteria of “What am I like?” But its links with our subjective sense of identity have yet to be explored.

“The subjective sense of consistent self across time has long been examined in developmental and clinical psychology through the concept of identity,” Nakao, who is affiliated with HU’s Graduate School of Humanities and Social Sciences and teaches undergraduate and graduate psychology courses at the university, said.

“While the previous studies have been mainly conducted based on subjective reports and theoretical considerations, this paper showed the physiological reality of identity. More specifically, it revealed for the first time the relationship between the subjective consistency of the self and the temporal consistency of the self-generated spontaneous brain activity.”

LRTC’s role in the consistency of self

Our neurons’ electrical chatter is made up of excitations and inhibitions. LRTC emerges from neural networks with balanced excitatory and inhibitory connectivity.

Excitation happens when a neuron sends a message that makes the recipient more likely to fire. Inhibition is when the transmitted message makes the recipient neuron less likely to fire.

This chatter of excitation and inhibition produces brainwaves which, depending on their excitement level, are associated with our different mental states. LRTC has been observed in the brain’s alpha, theta, and beta wave activity.

Although not the focus of their study, the researchers discovered that subjects who tested well in having a strong sense of who they are exhibited theta band (4 and 8 Hz) long memory signals with low noise contamination in their frontal lobe.

Meanwhile, those who showed feelings of identity confusion displayed long memory beta wave (12 and 35 Hz) signals with high noise interference in the centroparietal lobe.

This is a diagram from the study
Researchers found a link between the consistency of long memory signals communicated by our neurons’ electrical chatter and our subjective sense of identity. Credit: Takashi Nakao/Hiroshima University

“Thus, the temporal dynamics reflected in the LRTC of intrinsic brain activity likely have a crucial role in the consistency of self, including the subjective level, namely, a sense of identity,” the researchers said in their study published in the journal Scientific Reports last January.

Hushing the noise

The researchers said their findings add to the evidence that long memory signals of the resting-state brain might serve as a noise suppression mechanism at the psychological level.

Nakao said his goal as a psychophysiologist is to uncover the function of the self.

“Based on brain science evidence, I would like to accumulate knowledge related to why people are bothered about themselves,” he said.

“We believe such knowledge will help those struggling with questions such as “Who am I?” and “Why do I think so much about myself?” to see their situation objectively.”

A total of 87 HU undergraduate and graduate students, all in good health, were recruited for the study.

About this neuroscience research news

Author: Press Office
Source: Hiroshima University
Contact: Press Office – Hiroshima University
Image: The image is credited to Takashi Nakao/Hiroshima University

Original Research: Open access.
Association between long-range temporal correlations in intrinsic EEG activity and subjective sense of identity” by Kazumi Sugimura et al. Scientific Reports


Association between long-range temporal correlations in intrinsic EEG activity and subjective sense of identity

The long-range temporal correlation (LRTC) in resting-state intrinsic brain activity is known to be associated with temporal behavioral patterns, including decision making based on internal criteria such as self-knowledge.

However, the association between the neuronal LRTC and the subjective sense of identity remains to be explored; in other words, whether our subjective sense of consistent self across time relates to the temporal consistency of neural activity.

The present study examined the relationship between the LRTC of resting-state scalp electroencephalography (EEG) and a subjective sense of identity measured by the Erikson Psychosocial Stage Inventory (EPSI). Consistent with our prediction based on previous studies of neuronal-behavioral relationships, the frontocentral alpha LRTC correlated negatively with identity confusion. Moreover, from the descriptive analyses, centroparietal beta LRTC showed negative correlations with identity confusion, and frontal theta LRTC showed positive relationships with identity synthesis.

These results suggest that more temporal consistency (reversely, less random noise) in intrinsic brain activity is associated with less confused and better-synthesized identity.

Our data provide further evidence that the LRTC of intrinsic brain activity might serve as a noise suppression mechanism at the psychological level.

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  1. I dont ever think about me. Whenever i have down time. I rewind and run backwards thru social situation to try to understand someone amd what would have to happen to them to make them react the way they do. I suppose the me gets involved in the stance of .. what would have to be done to me… For me to react in such a way as they did. … Oh and stuck songs. I write a lot about these thoughts.

  2. These 2 studies about brain noise and self-identity and the other, fascial muscle contractions and lying are interesting but perhaps burdened by assumptions that are taken as reality. Life is not that simple.
    Like a well-tuned piano, humans thrive when the biologic tissue and energetic fields like consciousness are mostly resonant with one another. Brain noise is a disruption of that resonance that has many causes. If present during development, that person will not have the opportunity to develop that sense of self and removing the noise is step one.. The noise, itself can be caused by many reasons.
    With lying, many people have similar unconscious stereotyped muscle contractions and many have individualized, unidentified responses. The nuances are too great to reduce this issue to a yes or no.
    ON the other hand, both approaches may prove very useful for treatment and professional training in mental health. They might identify and validate what can’t be observed by patient or therapist.

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