Higher maternal body fat was associated with weaker cognitive, language, and motor skills in children at age two. The children of mothers who were diagnosed with gestational diabetes showed poorer language skills at age two compared to children of mothers without gestational diabetes.
Researchers report a link between adverse psychosocial factors experienced during childhood and cognitive function during midlife.
Shorter daylight hours increase opioid receptor signaling in the brown fat of animals.
Higher glucose levels detected by a two-hour glucose test were an accurate predictor of poorer performance in tests of episodic memory ten years later.
The function of the opioid system is connected to eating triggered by external stimuli. The findings could lead to the development of new therapies that target the opioid system to reduce obesity.
Under hypnosis, the brain shifts to a state where individual areas act more independently of each other than they do during typical waking state.
The seasonal duration of daylight influences the number of opioid receptors in the brain. The findings shed new light on a potential mechanism behind seasonal affective disorder.
People diagnosed with schizophrenia have an increased risk of developing Parkinson's disease later in life, researchers report. The reason could be due to alterations in the brain's dopamine system cause as a result of dopamine receptor antagonists or neurophysiological changes associated with schizophrenia itself.