For people with arthritis, exercise reduces pain and lowers levels of inflammatory cytokines. Exercise also increases the production of natural endocannabinoids. Researchers found the way exercise promotes these changes was due to altered gut microbes.
A new study expands the understanding of how brain cells communicate. Researchers discovered reversing the modification of molecular messages at the synapse may contribute to reversible psychiatric disorders and early-stage neurodegenerative diseases.
Alterations in the local network of specific brain regions can predict the progression of epilepsy, and determine whether surgery is a viable option for the patient.
A systematic review of 49 studies reveals neonatal coronavirus infection is uncommon, and also commonly asymptomatic in infected babies. Data also showed infection rates were no higher when a baby was born vaginally, as opposed to delivered via cesarean section, breastfed, or allowed immediate contact with the mother after birth.
Anticholinergic drugs, commonly prescribed to treat a range of disorders, from Parkinson's disease to bladder conditions, may increase dementia risks. The increased risk was linked to anticholinergic antidepressants, antipsychotics, bladder control, epilepsy and Parkinson's disease medications. There were no increased risks associated with other types of anticholinergics, such as gastrointestinal drugs or antihistamines.
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Machine learning significantly improves the accuracy of predicting premature deaths, from all causes, in a middle-aged population compared with more traditional models.
A neuroimaging study found highly schizotypal people have reduced brain responses to those without the personality trait. Researchers report schizophrenia, and other mental illnesses, may be thought of as extreme variants of specific personality types.
Facial temperature, specifically the temperature above the sinuses, rises as cognitive demands increase, researchers report.
According to a new Current Biology study, contagious yawning is triggered by primitive reflexes in the primary motor cortex.
Contrary to common belief, lip reading can have a beneficial effect for those with cochlear implants. Researchers found the more a person's brain responded to lip reading, the more responsive the brain became to sound delivered through the implant.