A new mathematical model is able to predict the optimal exercise regime to help build muscles.
Reconstituting the amount of chondroitin 6-sulphate to perineuronal nets completely restored memory and brain plasticity in aging mice to a similar level as seen in younger animals, a new study reports. The findings could lead to new therapies to restore age-related memory loss in older humans.
A new study reveals the impact climate played in the evolution of the human brain and body. Studying 300 fossils from the genus Homo found across the globe, researchers found those who lived in colder climates had larger body frames. Larger bodies provided a buffer from colder temperatures. Brain size tended to be larger in those who lived in environments with less vegetation and survived by hunting large animals, a task that involved higher cognitive function.
While those with autism are less likely to use substances than those who are not on the autism spectrum, those who do are more likely to self-medicate for their mental health symptoms. Those with ASD who self-medicate report they do so to improve focus and attention and, in some cases, to mask ASD symptoms.
Switching off activity in the anterior cingulate cortex prevented marmoset monkeys from making an association between behavior and a particular outcome.
Activity in the dorsal mid insular could drive different interpretations in bodily sensations in those with mental health disorders like depression, anorexia, and panic disorders.
Experiencing bullying and aggression as a teen or young adult increases violent ideations, including thoughts of harming or killing others, a new study reports.
Contrary to popular belief, people with eating disorders like bulimia nervosa do not lose control and binge eat in response to stressful events.
In the UK, one in 57 children is on the autism spectrum. The number is significantly higher than previously reported. Children from minority backgrounds were up to 38% more likely to be diagnosed with autism. Children with ASD were more likely to also experience social disadvantages.
A new video-feedback parenting program shows promise in helping to reduce behavioral problems in children as young as 12 months old. Researchers say addressing problematic behaviors in toddlers could help reduce behavioral problems later in life.