Norepinephrine facilitates fear processing by stimulating a population of inhibitory neurons in the amygdala, generating repetitive bursting patterns of electrical activity. This activity changes the frequency of oscillations in the amygdala from resting state to aroused state, promoting the formation of fear memories.
Students who participate in psychology classes focused on personality traits show improvements in dispositional intelligence, allowing them to better understand how the behaviors of others relate to their personalities.
The remnants of the Lyme causing B. burgdorferi bacteria may be responsible for the neuroinflammation associated with long-term Lyme disease symptoms. Researchers say the remnants are more inflammatory than the live bacteria.