Researchers discovered more than 1000 genes that are substantially more active in the brains of one sex versus the other. The findings may help behavioral sex differences in mammals.
Hexadecanal, a molecule excreted by humans, found in abundance on the scalps of babies, sparks behavioral changes in adults who are exposed to it. In women, the molecule decreases connectivity in parts of the brain associated with social decision making, but increases connectivity in males.
Contrary to popular myths on stereotypes, women are not more emotional than men, researchers report. A new study reveals men's emotions fluctuate just as much as women's do.
Women over the age of 70 are more likely than men of the same age to report feeling symptoms of depression.
Despite the Y chromosome containing very few genes, it can dramatically alter male body size and may facilitate the evolution of sex differences.
Gender stereotypes and double standards, where young female athletes are not taken as seriously as or treated differently than their male counterparts, persist, even among parents.
Thrombospondin-2, a protein with cell adhesion properties usually secreted by astrocytes, prompted a strong increase in synapses in male-derived neurons but showed no effect in females.
A new study reveals sex differences in the way those with alcohol use disorder process facial emotions. Men with AUD showed greater activation in frontal brain areas when processing facial emotions. The increased activation was not seen in women with AUD.
A new large-scale study links smoking and cardiovascular disease to an increased risk of developing dementia. Smoking and cardiovascular disease impact memory and learning throughout adulthood, starting at age 18. Researchers say smoking has the biggest impact on cognitive function in women, while cardiovascular disease has a more detrimental impact on cognition in men.