Despite the Y chromosome containing very few genes, it can dramatically alter male body size and may facilitate the evolution of sex differences.
Gender stereotypes and double standards, where young female athletes are not taken as seriously as or treated differently than their male counterparts, persist, even among parents.
Thrombospondin-2, a protein with cell adhesion properties usually secreted by astrocytes, prompted a strong increase in synapses in male-derived neurons but showed no effect in females.
A new study reveals sex differences in the way those with alcohol use disorder process facial emotions. Men with AUD showed greater activation in frontal brain areas when processing facial emotions. The increased activation was not seen in women with AUD.
A new large-scale study links smoking and cardiovascular disease to an increased risk of developing dementia. Smoking and cardiovascular disease impact memory and learning throughout adulthood, starting at age 18. Researchers say smoking has the biggest impact on cognitive function in women, while cardiovascular disease has a more detrimental impact on cognition in men.
Study finds evidence of inflammation in the blood of patients during the early stages of Parkinson's disease. The findings support the theory that inflammation is a driver of the neurodegenerative disorder. The effect was most noticed in women with Parkinson's.
The VGLUT protein is more abundant in the dopamine neurons of female fruit flies, rodents, and humans than in males. The finding shed light on why females have greater resilience to age-related dopamine neuron loss and disorders such as Parkinson's disease.
Recent studies dispel the myth of sexual dimorphic brains.