INSR, a protein essential for insulin activity, plays a critical role in stem cell longevity. Additionally, inactivating INSR in glioblastoma brain cancer stem cells inhibits the growth of primitive tumor forming cells.
Study reports oligodendrocytes in the brain are distinct from oligodendrocytes in the central nervous system due to their metabolic processes. The findings may shed new light on neurological and autoimmune dysfunction in multiple sclerosis and other neurodegenerative disorders.
Researchers have successfully stabilized an enzyme that is able to degrade scar tissue as a result of spinal cord injury with the help of AI and robotics.
p75NTR, a protein implicated in normal brain development and Alzheimer's disease, may play a role in the development of autism. Mice bred without the protein exhibited learning deficits similar to those associated with ASD.
A quarter of children under the age of eight on the autism spectrum are not being diagnosed, a new study reports. Those most affected are minority children.
Reading to infants and young children is associated with stronger vocabulary skills at age three. The findings reveal parents who read to children with genetic predispositions to learning and attention disorders help improve their language acquisition skills.
Poor oral health has been linked to cognitive decline and increased symptoms of stress. Stress increases symptoms of dry mouth, which can lead to poor overall oral health. Those with tooth related symptoms, such as toothaches and cavities, are more likely to experience declines in cognition and episodic memory.
Using a cell phone is more cognitively taxing than previously believed, especially if you are stressed and need a mental break. Using a cell phone to take a break does not allow the brain to recharge as effectively as other types of breaks.
POMC, a gene which regulates the stress response system, and PER2, a gene associated with circadian regulation, are altered in women who drank moderate-to-high amounts of alcohol during pregnancy and their newborns.
Optimal levels of Vitamin D are different, depending on a person's ethnic background. People with less than 20 nanograms of vitamin D per milliliter of blood are deficient. However, taking higher doses of vitamin D through supplements may not be beneficial, as previous studies have shown high dose supplements can increase bone fracture risks.