Parents who use marijuana and alcohol are more likely to use both non-violent and violent discipline on their children than those who do not use substances. The annual frequency of physical abuse was 0.5 times higher in those parents who had used alcohol and marijuana in the past year.
Previous research into the effects of lithium exposure via breastmilk are poorly designed and sparse, researchers report. Until more research is done, mothers and babies should be reviewed on a case-by-case basis for lithium continuation, as discontinuing the medication could pose a significant risk for both child and parent.
Unsupportive parenting and early life stress can lead to premature aging and associated health risks in children. Researchers say adults who faced early life stress had shorter telomeres than their peers who did not.
Fathers who sleep more than other fathers experience lower overall well-being and closeness with their partners and children, while women who are able to sleep more report a greater sense of well-being. The study also found exercise impacts parental moods, reporting on days where men exercise more than usual, they are less likely to argue. By contrast, mothers who embark on more physical activity during the day experienced higher levels of emotional negativity and were more likely to have arguments. Researchers speculate this could be a result of paternal 'stress' of taking up the primary caregiving role for a time to allow his wife time to herself, causing a more argumentative state in males.
A new study reports lightly stroking an infant, at a speed of 3 centimeters per second, can help to provide pain relief prior to medical procedures.
ESP22, a substance found in a baby's tears, makes female mice more likely to reject male sexual advances, researchers report.
According to a new study, practicing mindfulness can have beneficial effects on both parents and children. The study reports parents who practice mindfulness have better control of their emotions, which helps them to apply consistency and encourage their children. Children showed improvements in social skills and a decrease in negative behaviors when interacting with others.
Researchers report removing children from their parents can be detrimental for normal brain development, as well as having lasting psychological impact. The paper reports the Zero Tolerance immigration policy may cause trauma response in children, that will last a life time.