A newborn's brain is more adult-like than previously assumed. Neuroimaging revealed much of the visual cortex scaffolding is in place, along with patterns of brain activity at 27 days of age, although it is not quite as strong as seen in adult brains.
Combining neuroimaging and a constructed virtual reality town, researchers found the brain uses three different systems to perceive environment. One system allows us to recognize a place, another helps navigate through that location, and the third helps navigate from one place to another. The parahippocampal place area (PPA) helps encode location recognition, while the retrosplenial complex allows for mentally mapping the locations of specific places.