Functional olfactory receptors have been identified in human taste cells. The findings suggest olfactory receptors play a role in the taste system by interacting with taste receptors on the tongue. The brain, researchers say, combines input from taste, smell and other senses to create a multi-modal sensation of flavor.
Increased kynurenic acid production has been implicated in the pathology of schizophrenia. The findings provide a new target for cell-specific treatments that help reduce the production of kynurenic acid and reduce symptoms of schizophrenia.
A new study reports chronic nicotine exposure during pregnancy alters the genetics and dopamine neurons of newborns. The findings could help researchers develop a possible cure for nicotine addiction.
Researchers have developed a new approach that uses microRNA in combination with chemotherapy to help treat glioblastoma brain cancer. In preclinical models, the approach increases survival of the deadly brain cancer five fold.
A new study looks at the effect a Western style diet has on the gut microbiome. Researchers report both fructose and glucose block the production of Roc, a protein required for the colonization of beneficial bacteria in the gut.
Researchers have developed an innovative approach to identifying novel cellular targets and pathways involved in wiring adult born neurons into existing brain circuits.
A new study reports some people with schizophrenia have increased numbers of immune cells in their brains. Researchers say the immune cells may be producing inflammatory signals in those with the condition.
Amiloride, a common blood pressure medication, shows potential in treating anxiety disorder and pain when administered in nebulized form, researchers report.