Early-life exposure to antibiotics could impact brain development in areas associated with emotional and cognitive function, a new study reports. Researchers found penicillin exposure in infant mice altered the microbiome and gene expression in key areas of the developing brain.
A diet rich in foods containing isoflavone, a plant-based compound found in legumes, chickpeas, and peanuts, that resembles estrogen, protects against multiple sclerosis symptoms in mouse models.
Infant boys with a gut bacterial composition high in Bacteroidetes were found to have more advanced cognitive and language skills one year later compared to boys with lower levels of the bacteria.
A diet rich in fermented foods, such as yogurt and kimchi, can help to improve gut microbiome diversity and reduce symptoms of chronic inflammation, a new study reports.
Immaturity of the gut microbiome and epithelial barriers in the gut and choroid plexus appear to play a significant role in neonatal susceptibility to meningitis.
Researchers identified the gut bacteria E. faecalis as a mediator of social behavior and corticosterone levels in mice.
Gut microbes that metabolize tryptophan secrete indoles that stimulate the development of new neurons in the adult brain.