People with spinal cord injuries have the same brain activity during processing speed tasks as healthy older adults. The findings suggest the theory of accelerated cognitive aging following SCI is correct.
Those with MS allocate neural resources less effectively when faced with increased cognitive task demands, and this likely results in the increased mental fatigue those with the neurodegenerative disorder experience.
Using a modified story memory technique, people with multiple sclerosis showed improvements in learning and memory. Additionally, fMRI neuroimaging revealed changes in brain activity related to working memory and word encoding.