Maternal obesity is associated with differences in breast milk composition from that of mothers with a lower BMI. The variations of the metabolites may contribute to a higher risk of childhood obesity in children whose mothers are overweight. The findings point to a potential breast milk dependent mechanism for the mother-child transmission of obesity.
Insulin signaling plays a role in regulating synaptic function, glucose homeostasis, and cognition, a new study reports. Impairments in insulin signaling result in metabolic defects, in addition to memory and learning deficits, mirroring the cognitive impairments associated with Alzheimer's disease.
A new study reveals impaired insulin signaling in the brain negatively affects cognition, memory and learning. The findings shed light on why those with type 2 diabetes are at greater risk of developing Alzheimer's disease.
Researchers report a link between gut bacteria and psychological distress associated with obesity. Switching mice to high fat diets, researchers reported the animals experienced more depressive and anxiety symptoms. These were improved when antibiotics that alter the gut bacteria were administered.