Hormonal contraception disrupts signal transmission between cells in the prefrontal cortex of adolescents. Hormonal birth control also elevates levels of stress hormones in the brain.
Irisin, a hormone secreted into the blood during high endurance and aerobic exercise, reduces levels of alpha-synuclein and restores movement in mouse models of Parkinson's disease.
A new study reveals that 34% of people with premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD) have attempted suicide. Researchers say PMDD is an independent contributor to suicidal thoughts and behaviors.
Researchers report that gender-affirming hormone therapy improves both physical and psychological satisfaction for those who use the treatment to attain their true gender identity.
Estrogen sets up physical differences in the brains of males and females during development, a new study reports.
Certain reproductive events, such as early menstruation, early menopause, and hysterectomy were linked to an increased risk of a woman developing dementia later in life. Women who experienced pregnancy or who entered into menopause later were at a lower risk for dementia.
Social support, in addition to access to gender-affirming hormones and puberty blockers, helps reduce depression and suicidal ideation in young transgender people.
Irisin, a hormone secreted by muscles during exercise, improved cognitive function and lowered levels of inflammation in mouse models. The findings have implications for the development of treatments for Alzheimer's and other neurodegenerative diseases.
In mice, natural melatonin is linked to a pre-hibernation state, allowing for a slower metabolism and survival when food is scarce or the temperature is too cold.
Higher levels of the hunger hormone ghrelin predict a greater preference for smaller, immediate financial rewards over larger, delayed financial rewards.
Sex hormones play a crucial role in brain health, especially when it comes to the sex-based risk factors associated with dementia.