Not only did microbes diversify within early modern human hosts as they traveled and settled in different geographical locations, they also followed human evolution by limiting themselves to the gut.
Researchers reveal significant differences in gut bacteria in patients with multiple sclerosis compared to those without the autoimmune disease. The study also uncovered novel mechanisms by which the bacteria may influence the disease.
Stool samples taken from Viking latrines allowed researchers to map the genome of the Whipworm parasite. The study maps the parasite's global spread and relationship with human beings.
Exposure to air pollution within the first 6 months of life alters a child's microbiome, increasing the risk for allergies, diabetes, obesity, and influencing brain development.
Western diets high in sugars reduce the number of Th17 inflammatory cells in the guts of mice, setting off a chain of events that lead to metabolic diseases, prediabetes, and obesity.
For those with heart disease risk factors, daily consumption of green tea extract can reduce blood sugar levels and improve gut health by lowering inflammation and decreasing "leaky gut". Green tea extract may prove to be effective at relieving some risks of metabolic syndrome.
Recent antibiotic use impacts the way in which people pay attention to negative facial expressions. Findings shed light on how antibiotic use can increase the risks of depression.
Polyphenols can reduce inflammation in older people by altering the intestinal microbiota and inducing the production of indole 3-propionic acid.
Researchers say the gut microbiome may be a viable targetable biomarker to improve immunotherapy responses in those with glioblastoma and a range of other cancers.
A newly invented soft, implantable probe can interface between gut and brain tissue, measuring both dopamine and serotonin levels. The device has applications for depression, Parkinson's disease, and intestinal disorders.