Researchers develop a novel tool that allows for the study of the communication of microbes in the gastrointestinal tract and the brain.
Cutting calories and exercise alone are not enough to help shift excess weight, a new study reports. Researchers report your gut bacteria and the amount of specific proteins your body produces affects your ability to lose weight and sustain weight loss. Depending on personal biomarkers, so people lose more weight following a low carb diet, while some lose more weight while on a low fat diet.
Gut bacteria affect the behavior of immune cells throughout the body and in the brain, including ones implicated in neurodegenerative disorders such as Alzheimer's disease. The findings open up the possibility of altering the microbiome to prevent or treat neurodegeneration.
Study reveals differences in the composition and functionality of intestinal bacteria of multiple sclerosis patients depending on whether their illness is active or whether they are in treatment.
People with higher levels of the gut bacteria Coprococcus tend to have higher insulin sensitivity, while those with higher levels of Flavonifractor have lower levels of insulin sensitivity. Researchers say specific gut bacteria could play a significant role in the development of Type 2 diabetes.
A new model of vertical microbiome transmission between mother and child has been reported. Researchers say microbes in the maternal gut share genes with those in the infant's gut during the perinatal period directly following birth up to a few weeks postbirth.
Following microbiota transfer therapy, researchers found improvements in microbial taxa and genes implicated in microbial pathways associated with improved behavioral and physical symptoms of ASD.
Researchers found significantly higher levels of Lcn-2 levels in the stools of patients with multiple sclerosis. This marker correlated with reduced bacterial diversity and increases in other markers of intestinal inflammation. Bacteria that ease inflammatory bowel disease were also reduced in MS patients with high fecal levels of Lcn-2 levels.
Researchers have identified two gut bacterial species that produce fatty acid amides, stimulating CB1 endocannabinoid receptors in the gut which causes an increase in dopamine in the ventral striatum during exercise.
Consuming one ounce of peanuts or adding one teaspoon of herbs and spices to your daily diet has a positive impact on the health of your gut bacteria and improves immune function.