A new study found altered cortical and subcortical networks in those with schizophrenia and their unaffected first-degree relatives. Findings suggest brain regions associated with a genetic predisposition to schizophrenia are partly separated from brain regions implicating neural abnormalities.
Object and facial recognition abilities are associated with the same brain area but are characterized by different depths of cortical layers, which form at the age each ability was acquired.
Researchers examined the effects oxytocin and vasopressin had on perceptions of social dominance. Oxytocin increased perception of greater dominance. Neuroimaging revealed the findings were also reflected in changes in brain regions associated with social perception.
Acute exercise in older adults has a positive impact on brain regions associated with memory and recall. Older adults who engaged in acute exercise had greater activation in the temporal gyrus, fusiform gyrus and hippocampus, resulting in increased semantic memory activation.
Researchers have identified specific brain networks that helps us associate objects with their names. The study sheds light on how the brain connects meaning to words and could help explain why people with neurodegenerative diseases often have problems naming every day objects.
Reviewing brain scans of bipolar patients, researchers observe notable differences in the thickness of gray matter in areas of the brain associated with motivation and control inhibition compared to those without the disorder.
Researchers report on the combined structural, functional and anatomical changes that occur in those born blind that are not present in the brains of people born with sight.
Two new studies overturn currently held theories, finding the brain continues to grow in regions that also show changes in function.