The key to performance and motivation lies within the ratio of glutamine and glutamate in the nucleus accumbens. The ratio of glutamine to glutamate relates specifically to stamina.
An EEG study reveals people with schizophrenia and their siblings without the disorder share patterns of brain activity that are different from people with no familial history of schizophrenia. As one sibling didn't suffer from schizophrenia, researchers say the different brain signature could serve as a biomarker for the mental health disorder.
Using computational methods, researchers created artificial proteins that triggered immune responses and produced infection specific antibodies. The findings indicate it will be possible to design vaccines that contain artificial antibodies, expediting the process of vaccine development.
Examining wastewater is helping researchers track coronavirus infection trends. The waste reflects the viral load excreted by a population within a few hours and can help establish COVID-19 community hot spots. While researchers will not be able to calculate the exact number of community cases of coronavirus by examining wastewater, they can trace the increase of SARS-CoV-2 concentration and track the level of infection rate.
Scientists generated statistical instances of the micro-connectome, containing over 10 million neurons. The model spans five orders of magnitude and contains 88 billion synaptic connections.
Recent clinical trials show urolithin A, a compound derived from molecules in pomegranates, can slow the aging process. Urolithin A improves mitochondrial function following oral consumption.
Using optogenetics to 'switch off' the insular cortex in mice experiencing a painful event resulted in a less fearful reaction to pain. The ability of the mice to learn avoidance from the pain event was also reduced.
A mathematical algorithm developed by the Blue Brain Project can objectively classify different shapes of neurons in the brain. The algorithm has already helped researchers objectively identify 17 types of pyramidal neurons in the somatosensory cortex of a rat.