The activity of MCH neurons in the lateral hypothalamus during sleep recapitulates REM sleep effects on reducing drug-seeking behaviors.
In Black women, racial discrimination affects the microstructure of the brain, specifically within the anterior cingulum bundle and corpus callosum, and increases adverse mental health risks.
Moderate drinkers who have a pattern of binge drinking are five times more likely to develop alcohol use disorders than moderate drinkers who do not binge drink.
Adolescents exposed to repeated trauma may have a maladaptive response to acute stress in important functional brain networks.
Children with ADHD and emotional regulation disorders who consumed a micronutrient formal made of essential minerals and vitamins were three times more likely to show improvements in symptoms compared to those who did not consume the formula.
A new AI algorithm assesses risk factors across three domains to predict the risk of children developing conduct disorders with a high degree of accuracy.
Cortical thinning over time was associated with bipolar patients who experienced more manic episodes. The changes were most evident in the prefrontal cortex, an area of the brain associated with emotional control and executive function.
The severity of PTSD symptoms was associated with fewer risky choices and increased activation of the amygdala. Decreased activity in the ventral striatum, an area of the brain associated with processing positive valence such as reward, predicted more severe PTSD symptoms 14 months post trauma.