Researchers discover genes associated with major depressive disorder are altered in opposite directions in males compared to females.
Researchers have identified altered gene expression in the prefrontal area of the brain in those with schizophrenia. The study reports schizophrenia may have evolved as 'side effect' of human brain development.
Using repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation, researchers report they are able to strengthen or weaken the processing of negative emotions.
Using the classic Nintendo game, Super Mario 64, researchers discover playing 3D platform games could help older brains to stave off mild cognitive impairment. Researchers report older people who played the video game had gray matter increases in the cerebellum, hippocampus and dorsolateral prefrontal cortex.
Using transcranial magnetic stimulation, researchers were able to increase and decrease people's enjoyment of music; and desire to listen to more.
A neuroimaging study reveals city dwellers who live closer to forests were more likely to have healthier amygdala structure and were better able to deal with stressful situations.
A neuroimaging study reveals people with OCD who receive daily cognitive behavioral therapy to help curb their compulsive behaviors show stronger connections between specific brain regions.
Over the past few years, brain training programs have grown in popularity with claims of helping to improve memory and cognitive function. However, a new study in the Journal of Neuroscience reports a popular commercial brain training system had no effect on cognitive function beyond practice effects on the training tasks. They system also had no effect on decision making.
An exploratory study reveals a brain stimulation method previously suggested to help adults learn math may also help children with mathematical learning difficulties.
A new study implicates the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex in our ability to assign credit for whatever action leads to a desired outcome. While the study does not rule out the involvement of other brain areas to credit assignment, it does show the dlPFC is a key player in how we assess causality.