Vascular and inflammatory problems during middle age, as well as some minor injuries, could be a biomarker for poor brain health in older age. However, brain aging may be delayed by maintaining a healthy diet, weight and level of physical activity as we age.
Older adults who frequently engage in number and word puzzles perform better on reasoning, attention and memory tasks than their peers who do not. For those who enjoy crosswords and other word-based puzzles, their brain function is equivalent to that of a person ten years younger.
Mitochondrial function may help explain the link between intelligence, general health and aging.
Listening to music was associated with improvements in memory and cognition while participating in mindfulness improved mood in patients who recently suffered an ischemic stroke. Researchers believe combining the two approaches may enhance both cognition and mood in patients early post-stroke.
Teenagers who were exposed to alcohol while in the womb are more likely to have disruptions in neural connections through the corpus callosum, which can lead to cognitive impairment and a range of neurological, and psychological disorders. Researchers recommend pregnant women completely abstain from drinking alcohol.
Researchers report the neural code of the prefrontal cortex is more efficient than the amygdala in both humans and primates. The lower resistance of the amygdala to errors in humans may play a role in exaggerated survival responses, such as those seen in anxiety and PTSD.
Researchers link urgent hospitalization to an increased rate of cognitive decline in older people not previously diagnosed with neurodegenerative diseases such as dementia or Alzheimer's disease.
Study confirms the acceptability, feasibility and safety for using Project: EVO, a action video game experience, for children on the autism spectrum with co-occurring ADHD.
Researchers report adolescent cannabis use alters the structural development of the prefrontal cortex, an area of the brain that helps control higher cognitive functions.
A new study reports prenatal exposure to cannabis could cause alterations in brain development, negatively impacting cognitive function as adults.