Microglia help limit infection to the olfactory bulb and protects neurons from damage that could occur as a result of viral infection.
Australian researchers have mapped immune responses from one of the country's first COVID-19 patients. The findings shed light on how the immune system fights the virus and assists in recovery from the virus.
Autoreactive cytotoxic CD8 T cells have been detected in people with narcolepsy type one. The finding suggests levels of the T-cell reactivity, combined with specific gene expression, may spur on the development of NT1.
In a historic breakthrough, researchers have discovered thousands of new immune system signals. The findings hold potential implications for immunotherapies, autoimmune disease treatments and vaccine developments.