The mode of delivery at birth is a significant factor in the composition of gut bacteria. Children born via cesarean section have reduced levels of 'good' bacteria and an increased number of pathogens linked to the hospital environment.
Women who experience migraines while pregnant are at increased risk of miscarriage, caesarean sections, preterm labor and delivering babies with low birth weight.
Findings may explain why children born by C-sections are more prone to suffer from chronic immune system diseases that those born via vaginal birth, researchers report.
Researchers report mothers who breastfed their babies for at least 2 months following a c-section were three times less likely to experience chronic pain than those who breastfed for shorter periods of time, or formula fed their babies.