Observing whole-brain activity in live zebrafish, researchers have discovered how information stored as long-term memory in the cerebral cortex is processed to guide behavioral choices.
When the hippocampus, an area of the brain associated with memory and learning, is damaged, the prefrontal cortex takes over. This demonstration of neuroplasticity could give rise to new treatment options for Alzheimer’s disease and other conditions associated with damage to the brain.
Researchers question why numerous different RNAs are transported to synapses. One reason, they suggest, is that they are stored to later help maintain long-term memory.
Neurons in the specific brain area responsible for processing faces are too broadly “tuned” in some patients with autism, leading to difficulties in discriminating between the facial features of different individuals, a new study suggests.
Buphenyl (sodium phenylbutyrate), a medication approved for the treatment of hyperammonemia, could help prevent the progression of Alzheimer’s disease, a new study finds.
Using MRI scans on patients with multiple sclerosis and associated cognitive problems, researchers noted extra white matter dysfunction in areas important for cognitive skills.
Monitoring the synapses of living mice, researchers discover an important genetic switch for brain maturation. Mice without the Nogo Receptor 1 gene have persistent levels of juvenile brain plasticity through adulthood.
One Region, Two Functions: Brain Cells’ Multitasking Could be a Key to Understanding Overall Brain Function
The lateral intraparietal area (LIP), a region of the brain known to play a vital role in spatial and visual processing also has a parallel function, categorizing visual information, a new study suggests.
Researchers note reduced fear and stress responses following a mildly traumatic event when rapamycin, a protein synthesis blocker, is administered.
Using transgenic mice with specially designed gene fragments derived from bacteria and human cells, researchers were able to control the production of amyloid beta peptide using antibiotics.