Findings suggest prediction may be a general feature of animal nervous systems in supporting quick behavioral changes.
Young people are more susceptible to pleading guilty to a crime, even though they are innocent. Researchers say the differences in children's brains which affect their sensitivity to reward and punishment, and differences in information processing could be factors as to why they are more likely to plead guilty.
Prefrontal cortex activity reveals those who have a more detached personality have similar activity when processing information relating to both social and non-social stimuli. By contrast, those who are more agreeable have significant differences in PFC activity when processing the different forms of information.
Researchers identify the mechanisms that support the brain's ability to adapt the way it processes information depending upon the environment we are in.
Fetal exposure to phthalates alters cognitive processing in young children, a new study reports. Children whose mothers were exposed to higher levels of phthalates during pregnancy exhibited slower information processing skills. Male children were most likely to experience difficulties.
Under hypnosis, the brain shifts to a state where individual areas act more independently of each other than they do during typical waking state.
Study implicates the ventromedial prefrontal cortex, an area of the brain associated with information processing about the self, in self-bias memory.
White matter connectivity does not directly induce psychosis, but may affect symptoms of psychosis through its effect on the consciousness threshold.
Testing multiple computational models of the nervous system, researchers discover that just because a model can make accurate predictions about data, this doesn't always translate into the underlying logic of the biological system it represents.
Researchers have identified a novel neural network in fruit flies that converts external stimuli of varying intensity into decisions about whether to act.
Study provides new insight into how brain waves control the flow of information through the cortex.