Restoring levels of the DAXX protein prevents misfolding of proteins that drive Alzheimer's disease and other neurodegenerative diseases.
Obese mice treated with the TSLP cytokine showed a significant loss in abdominal fat and weight. The fat loss was not associated with reduced food intake or faster metabolism, instead the cytokine stimulated the immune system to release lipids via the skin's oil-producing sebaceous glands.
Researchers report Alzheimer's disease and other neurodegenerative disorders can be confirmed in living patients by specific biomarkers in cerebrospinal fluid.
Removing the wisdom teeth can improve a person's taste perception by up to ten percent.
HIV infection prevents myelin-associated oligodendrocytes from maturing, this, in turn, hampers white matter production in the brain.
A new theory suggests the brain understands the level of activation required from a sensory input and corrects for it, leaving behind a signal for familiarity.
When we imagine the outcome of future events, two sub-networks of the brain become active. One of the sub-networks focuses on creating the new event in our imagination, the other evaluates whether the event is positive or negative.
Researchers propose a new theory of what happens in the brain when we experience familiar seeming visual stimuli. The theory, dubbed sensory referenced suppression, suggests the brain understands different levels of activation expected for sensory input and corrects for it, leaving behind the signal for familiarity.
People with schizophrenia and other neuropsychiatric disorders may have a more permissive blood-brain barrier which allows the immune system to become more actively involved in the central nervous system. The resulting inflammation may contribute to the clinical manifestation of psychosis-like symptoms.