Gene therapy enables a striking recovery of night vision in those who suffer from the childhood-onset blindness disorder Leber Congenital Amaurosis.
Researchers successfully grew adult human neurons from tissue donated from surgery patients. The researchers were able to identify at least 5 brain cell types and the potential proteins each cell could make.
Combining neuroimaging data with artificial intelligence, researchers have identified two distinct neuroanatomical subtypes of schizophrenia. The first, more typical subtype is associated with a lower widespread volume of gray matter compared to healthy controls. In the second subtype, gray matter volume is largely similar to healthy brains.
A new mouse model of Alzheimer's more closely resembles the human version of the disease. Researchers believe the new model may help accelerate new therapeutic avenues to treat the disease.
Obese mice treated with the TSLP cytokine showed a significant loss in abdominal fat and weight. The fat loss was not associated with reduced food intake or faster metabolism, instead the cytokine stimulated the immune system to release lipids via the skin's oil-producing sebaceous glands.
Children aged 10 to 12 have greater happiness, self-control, fewer behavioral problems, increased cognitive performance and academic achievement when they take a brief midday nap, a new study reports.
During navigation tasks using a 'smell scape', the entorhinal cortex and ventromedial prefrontal cortex elicit grid cell-like activity.
Researchers have identified a single gene that increases the need for sleep when we are fighting sickness. NEMURI helps fight infections with its antimicrobial activity, and is secreted by neurons to drive prolonged sleep during infection.
Researchers discovered some protease inhibitors used to treat HIV can lead to the production of the peptide amyloid beta.
A new, whole brain map of neural connectivity reveals low frequency activity rhythms drive communication between key areas involved in memory processing.
Neuroimaging revealed when people saw an anomalous face, the fusiform gyri and amygdala showed significant neural responses. Activity in a region of the left amygdala, which correlated with less pro-social responses to the anomalous face, appeared to relate to the participant's belief about justice in the world and their degree of empathetic concern.