The first two years of primary education are a critical point for the development of the brain's reading network in children, researchers say.
Researchers have identified 76 overlapping genetic locations that determine the shapes of our faces and our brains. The genetic signals that influence face and brain shape are enriched by regions of the genome that regulate gene activity during embryogenesis.
An experimental twist on a classic cochlear implant allows researchers to directly measure brain waves and assess how good, or bad, a person's hearing is.
EEG and AI technology can directly decode the direction in which people are listening from brainwaves alone, without having to link them to direct sounds.
Researchers temporarily switched off the neural pathway between the ventral tegmental area and nucleus accumbens in primate models, negatively impacting motivation, but not learning.
Researchers have identified two different shapes of alpha-synuclein associated with multiple systems atrophy (MSA) and Lewy body dementia. The structure of the protein is helical in MSA, causing the symptoms to occur more quickly and aggressively. In Lewy body dementia, the protein takes on a cylindrical form.
Male patients on the autism spectrum who were given oxytocin for four weeks experienced improvements in social attachment behaviors for up to 12 months.
The course of evolution has caused vertebrates to lose an important defense mechanism against viral infections, researchers report.