Knowing when your train of thought is off track is central to finding the correct answer while problem-solving.
The ratio of GABA and glutamate affect long and short-term strategic decision-making in a different manner.
During decision-making tasks, activation of two brain areas in rhesus macaques mirrors the same regions as in humans. The findings shed light on the neurobiological basis of cooperation and social interactions during decision-making tasks.
Study concludes one reason we may make unwise decisions is our preference for a positive outcome.
Neurons in the orbitofrontal cortex play a critical role in encoding subjective values. Activation of these neurons leads directly to the choice of one option over another.
Researchers say during group problem-solving tasks, components of the "social brain" are co-activated, but they do not increase their coupling during cooperation as would be suggested by a holistic network.
People make automatic and efficient decisions when learning to avoid others. When learning to avoid harming themselves, people make become more deliberative. The study also found people were more willing to repeat decisions that were previously harmful to themselves if they believed better results would occur in the future.
Researchers have identified a novel neural network in fruit flies that converts external stimuli of varying intensity into decisions about whether to act.