Genes associated with inflammation were linked to reduced gray matter in brain areas associated with neuropsychiatric disorders. The findings shed new light on how neurodevelopmental psychiatric disorders such as schizophrenia and ASD may occur.
The perceptual accuracy of visual information and its subjective interpretation use separate neural mechanisms that can be manipulated independently of each other.
Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation helped reduce cannabis use by up to 60% in those with schizophrenia who have cannabis use disorder.
Specific genes that contribute as risks for developing schizophrenia also affect the thickness and size of the brain's surface.
While patients with schizophrenia, major depressive disorder, and bipolar disorder experience a lack of motivation and anhedonia, the neural patterns of emotion-behavior dissociation differ between the disorders.
The genetic disruption of specific cell processes crucial to brain development was linked to disease risk in a wide range of mental health disorders including schizophrenia.
Sleep deprivation increases the levels of serotonin 2A neurotransmitter receptors within 6 - 8 hours. Abnormal serotonin 2A receptor function is associated with hallucinations, cognitive impairment, and is linked to psychiatric disorders such as schizophrenia.
Clinical symptoms of schizophrenia, such as psychosis and cognitive deficits, can be predicted from the activity of neurons derived from a patient's stem cells.