Examining the gut microbiome of those with major depressive disorder, researchers identify the presence of the bacteria Faecalibacterium prausnitzii as being responsible for the functional discrepancies between healthy individuals and those with MDD.
Cocaine use supports the growth of γ-proteobacteria, a common gut bacteria that consume glycine. As glycine levels become depleted mouse models exhibit a higher response to cocaine with abnormal behaviors including increased drug-induced locomotion and drug-seeking behaviors.
Healthy microbes in the gut encourage synaptic pruning in brain circuits associated with social behavior. Previous research has linked both poor synaptic pruning and gut health to neurodevelopmental disorders including ASD. The new findings could pave the way for treatments for disorders associated with social behavior deficits.
The microbiome of the gut may influence how exercise and diet affect overall brain health and the risk of developing dementia.
Optimal intake of B-type procyanidins, a class of polyphenols found in apples, cocoa, and red wine, is linked to metabolic and the hormesis of hemodynamic responses.
Postbiotics with a morning coffee can help give your immune system a boost, a new study reveals.
Not only did microbes diversify within early modern human hosts as they traveled and settled in different geographical locations, they also followed human evolution by limiting themselves to the gut.
Researchers reveal significant differences in gut bacteria in patients with multiple sclerosis compared to those without the autoimmune disease. The study also uncovered novel mechanisms by which the bacteria may influence the disease.
Early life exposure to antibiotics has a long-lasting effect on the enteric nervous system, microbiome, and gut function.