Interacting with dogs leads to greater activation in the prefrontal cortex, an area of the brain associated with emotional and social processing.
Dogs have multi-modal mental imagery of items and objects that are familiar to them. When a dog thinks about an object, they imagine the object's different sensory features.
After 14,000 years of domestication, dogs have an edge in both cognition and people-reading skills over wolves.
Trained scent detection dogs are able to detect organic compounds associated with COVID-19 in patients. Researchers report the dogs are better at detecting coronavirus infection than standard tests.
The living environment has a significant impact on the skin microbiota, but not gut bacteria, in both humans and dogs.
Dog owners whose pets are diabetic are more likely to develop type 2 diabetes than those with healthier pets. The study supports the hypothesis that pet owners may share certain behaviors, such as physical activity level, with their pet.
fMRI study reveals dogs do not have a specific face area similar to that of primates. Dogs' brain activity showed little response to faces but increased in response to seeing another dog over a human.
Exposure to household pet dogs in the early years of life was associated with a significantly decreased risk of being diagnosed with schizophrenia later in life.
fMRI neuroimaging reveals the parietotemporal cortex of dogs responds to numeric concepts. The study provides evidence that numerosity is a shared evolutionary neural mechanism.