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This Week’s Top Discoveries in Neuroscience and AI – July 10, 2023

Summary: Our weekly digest spotlights the top five breakthroughs in neuroscience and AI, revealing notable gender disparities in reading between Norway and Iceland, AI’s exceptional performance in a standard creativity test, the powerful health benefits of controlled breathing, the discovery of a human heat limit and the potential for using hand scents to accurately predict sex. These discoveries illustrate the dynamic advancements unfolding across these exciting fields.

Source: Neuroscience News

Welcome to this week’s round-up of the top five exciting discoveries that have the neuroscience and AI world abuzz.

#5: Gender Gaps in Reading

A recent study uncovers striking differences in letter-sound knowledge between genders in Norway, favoring girls.

Credit: Neuroscience News

In contrast, Iceland’s early emphasis on letters and sounds fosters equal competence among boys and girls.

Interestingly, 56% of Icelandic children can read specific words upon starting school compared to 11% in Norway. Despite this, Finland outperforms all Nordic nations in literacy by age 15.

#4: AI Outperforms Humans in Creativity Test

In an impressive display, GPT-4-based AI ChatGPT equals the top 1% of human thinkers in a standard creativity test.

This ground-breaking achievement suggests that AI’s creative prowess may soon rival or surpass our own.

The lead researcher, Dr. Erik Guzik, envisions AI becoming a pivotal tool for business innovation and entrepreneurship.

#3: Master Your Breath, Master Your Health: The Transformative Power of Controlled Breathing

Research shows that controlling our breathing can influence our nervous and cardiovascular systems, thereby impacting our physical and mental health.

By consciously slowing down our breath, we can stimulate the parasympathetic ‘rest and digest’ response.

Techniques like inspiratory muscle strength training (IMST) or mindful slow breathing show promise in reducing stress, enhancing mental health, and lowering blood pressure.

#2: The Human Heat Limit: Metabolic Rates Spike at 104-122°F

Researchers find the human body’s upper critical temperature (UCT) likely lies between 104-122°F (40°C -50°C).

Resting metabolic rates increase in hot and humid conditions, indicating an energy consumption shift.

The study aims to better understand our adaptations to suboptimal environments, crucial in the face of global warming.

#1: Human Hand Scents: A Novel Tool for Sex Prediction

A novel study finds that a person’s hand scent can accurately predict their sex. Using mass spectrometry, the study achieved a remarkable 96.67% accuracy rate.

This finding could be invaluable in criminal investigations, providing critical evidence where DNA may be lacking.

Thanks for reading!

Remember to return to Neuroscience News often for the latest in neuroscience, AI, and cognitive sciences.

About this neuroscience research news

Author: Neuroscience News Communications
Source: Neuroscience News
Contact: Neuroscience News Communications – Neuroscience News
Image: The image is credited to Neuroscience News

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